Rev.Adv.Mater.Sci. (RAMS)
No 1, Vol. 42, 2015, pages 50-57


Xiaojuan Lu and Huining Xiao


Fossil fuels are the major energy source used in the world and will continue to dominate in the future. For the coal-dependent countries, the key to the emission reduction of CO2 will be the capture of CO2 in coal-fired power plants. Currently available CO2 sorbents are reviewed in this paper. Based on the principles of various separation technologies, absorption and adsorption are discussed accordingly. In terms of the application temperature, absorption materials are categorized into high-temperature absorbent and low-temperature absorbent and their latest progress are included. For the adsorption, different materials such as activated carbon, zeolite and MOFs and etc. are discussed thoroughly. At the end, the future trend of CO2 separation is proposed. It is suggested that since any single method cannot meet the requirements of coal-fired power plants, feasible approach for CO2 separation will be to combine the advantages of all the available methods, for example, adsorbents impregnated with amines, porous polymer impregnated with organic solvents and new structured adsorbents such as ionic liquids and metal organic frames.

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