Rev.Adv.Mater.Sci. (RAMS)
No 2, Vol. 57, 2018, pages 241-245


Iu. Liubimova, K. Sapozhnikov, V. Nikolaev, M.-Ll. Corró and S. Kustov


High-resolution ultrasonic mechanical spectroscopy technique has been used to study the nature and dynamics of lattice defects and magnetic domain walls in the helical-type antiferromagnetic phase during thermal cycling of polycrystalline Dy samples between 80 and 210K. Effects of the lowest temperature of thermal cycles, applied magnetic field and cooling/heating rate on the ultrasonic absorption and Young's modulus have been investigated. A strong influence of cooling/heating rate on the ultrasonic absorption is found over the temperature range between the Néel temperature, ca. 178K, and approximately 145K, confirming the existence of a new category of magnetomechanical damping - transitory ultrasonic absorption related to translational motion of domain walls. A strong increase of the ultrasonic absorption below approximately 140K is attributed to the formation of nuclei of ferromagnetic phase, presumably stabilized by such lattice defects as dislocations. The effect of applied magnetic field on ultrasonic absorption also emerges below 140K and is ascribed to the appearance of the net magnetization due to ferromagnetic nuclei. We argue that these nuclei are responsible for the controversial thermal hysteresis of elastic and anelastic properties, which is strongly promoted by decreasing the temperature of thermal cycles.

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